Vitiligo – Not a Simple White Patch
Are you noticing a white patch on your body? Then you need to give some extra attention to it, as it must not be a simple white patch but Vitiligo.
Vitiligo is a chronic condition in which growing skin patches lose color. It can strike people of any age, gender, or ethnicity.
When melanocytes in the skin die, the skin starts showing patches. Melanocytes are the cells that produce melanin, the skin pigment that gives skin its color and protects it from UV rays.
It appears to affect between 0.5 and 2 percent of people worldwide.
What exactly is vitiligo?
Vitiligo is a skin condition in which colorless patches of skin appear.
The overall amount of skin that can be affected by vitiligo varies from person to person. It can also cause problems with the eyes, the inside of the mouth, and the hair.
The affected areas are usually discolored for the rest of the person’s life.
The disease is photosensitive, meaning that affected areas will be more sensitive to sunlight than unaffected areas.
It’s difficult to predict whether and how far the patches will spread. It may take weeks for the patches to apply, or they may remain stable for months or years.
People with dark or tanned skin tend to have more visible lighter patches.
What are the symptoms and signs of Vitiligo?
● The impression of flat white spots or patches on the skin is the most common symptom of Vitiligo. At first, a simple spot appears pale compared to the rest of the skin. With the passage of time, however, the spot gradually turns white.
● The patches are irregular in shape and frequently edgy. Itching and inflammation may occur, resulting in slight redness on the edges of the patches.
● Sun-exposed body parts, such as the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips, are the most vulnerable.
● Other symptoms of Vitiligo include premature greying of scalp hair, brows, eyelashes, and beard.
However, depending on the type of Vitiligo, the specific areas affected may vary. The following are the types of Vitiligo that exist:
Universal Vitiligo – Vitiligo affects everyone. This type of Vitiligo affects the majority of the skin’s surfaces.
Segmental Vitiligo – White patches are visible on one side of the body and frequently continue for a year or so before ceasing. It also advances more slowly than generalized Vitiligo.