Viral Infection

Viral Infection

Viral infection is an allergic reaction caused due to viruses- the organisms which attack the cells of the living body and harms them making the person sick for a longer time.

Description And Symptoms
Effects/ Causes

A virus is a small infectious agent mostly smaller than bacteria that pervades a body, reproduces its cell in the normal cells of the body and makes the person ill. So viral infection is caused by the pathogenic viruses.

This infection s may vary from mild to severe Viral infection on the skin can be of many types like:

1. Herpes Simplex

2. Herpes Zoster

3. Warts

4. Molluscum Contagiosum

There are more viral infections that cause rashes like- measles, chicken pox, rubella. These infections cause spots or sores on the surface of the skin, while few of them like warts does not spread to other parts of the body.


  • Rashes
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Spots
  • Mostly depending on the virus
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Diarrhoea
  • headache and pain
  • Dehydration

Viruses are the hijackers that attach themselves to a particular cell called HOST CELL. After entering into the person’s body, they start releasing their own DNA in the cell. And as DNA consists of a genetic material which forces the body’s cell to replicate the viruses in it. After that, the virus multiplies its number and forms so many cells of its kind. This way body cell gets infected and the person falls sick. This way VIRAL INFECTION spreads through the whole body. It can spread to other members of the body.

For this antiviral medicines are prescribed by the physician.

1. Initial diagnosis and evaluation by the doctor

2. Blood test and few other tests

3. Treatment according to symptoms

4. Use of oral medication

5. Antiviral drugs

Viral infections are very harmful, they make a person weak and lowers the immune power of the body. These infections are different than bacterial one as they differ in the medication process. Viral infections are caused by many factors like: Contact with other persons through handshakes or any other physical activity, Contact with the adulterated water, food or atmosphere. It also caused due to measles, chicken pox, and smallpox.

Through bites of insects, mosquitoes etc, Also spread through sexual contact or blood transfusion. Sweating Also from sharing of any wet area, the infection spreads. Also, microbes like viruses are the prime reason for viral infection.

What are the types of viral skin infections?

Herpes simplex virus (HSV), human papillomavirus (HPV), molluscum contagiosum, and varicella-zoster virus (VZV), which causes chickenpox and shingles, are all common viral skin infections.

How are viral skin diseases transmitted?

Viral skin infections are frequently transmitted by direct contact with an infected individual or contaminated surfaces. Some may also be transmitted by respiratory droplets or body fluids.

How do viruses affect the skin?

Viruses can cause a variety of infections with skin signs, including: - Herpes zoster (shingles) - Molluscum contagiosum - Warts - Chickenpox - Measles, hand, foot, and mouth disease These viruses are frequently infectious, and most of them are systemic.

What do chicken pox rashes look like?

There are three phases of chickenpox, and the rash appearance changes in each stage: Stage 1: For a few days, the rash looks red and rough. Stage 2: It develops into blisters that are packed with fluid and burst in a day or two. Stage 3: The open blisters dry over and endure a few more days. Various bumps may coexist during these stages of the rash; some may form while others break open. Usually, the complete rash lasts for around ten days.

Do viral skin infections come back?

Indeed, certain viral skin illnesses could recur, like herpes simplex. Recurrences can be triggered by illnesses, stress, or weakened immune systems.

Are viral skin infections accompanied by any complications?

Problems may occur, especially if the infection is not adequately treated. For example, HPV infections can increase the risk of developing certain tumours, while herpes simplex can result in more serious health problems.

What is the duration of healing for viral skin infections?

The kind of viral infection, the patient's immune system, and the efficacy of the treatment all affect the healing process. While some infections might go away in a few weeks, others might take longer to go away.

Can viral infections of the skin be avoided?

Maintaining proper hygiene, avoiding direct contact with infected people, and, in some cases, receiving vaccinations (such as the HPV or chickenpox vaccines) prevent viral skin infections.

How are viral skin infections treated?

Depending on the virus, there are many treatments available, including topical lotions, antiviral drugs, and sometimes small surgeries to remove lesions.


*Result may vary person to person.