Gynaecomastia is a common disorder seen in males due to enlargement of male breast tissues. In this situation, the males possess breast or chest larger than the normal size. This is mostly seen in teenage boys and older men.

Description And Symptoms
Effects/ Causes

Gynecomastia, also referred to as “Man boobs” is an endocrine disorder in which there is benign enlargement of the male’s breast’s tissues. This state is found to be at the stage of male puberty and also in the disease state. This condition arrives due to endocrine imbalance involving metabolic dysfunctionality. At this point, the male’s breast skin bulges out and becomes more prominent and the nipples may cover with the excess tissue layer.



  • Anxiety and stress may be seen in the patient facing this problem.
  • Breast enlargement and with a hardness in the skin.
  • Sometimes the milky discharge from the nipple is observed.
  • Pain around the chest.

The symptoms of breast enlargement may vary from a small one to a larger one more like a female looking one.

The breast enlargement disorder is found to be embarrassing by many of the boys and so they don’t like to talk about it. But for all those people it is necessary for them to know that this anomaly should be diagnosed as soon as it becomes painful. Before going for the treatment of gynecomastia, the history of the patient is studied thoroughly, its medication history is observed. Along with this, the family history is recognized.



There are few general steps need to be taken as a treatment procedure like:

  • Initial checkup of the chest
  • Blood Tests
  • A breast X-ray or mammogram or an ultrasound scan.
  • Breast biopsy or needle fine biopsy.
  • Medication to stop the excess production of the hormones Surgery.
  • This surgery may include liposuction method in conjunction.

Gynaecomastia is found due to an endocrine imbalance in the male’s body. It also may be due to several issues like:

1. Obesity: Being very overweight can increase the levels of estrogen, the hormone responsible for the growth of breast tissue.

2. Puberty: During Puberty boys hormones do vary due to which gynaecomastia is prone to develop.

3. Use of Alcohol and Drugs: Few drugs both the prescribed one and the illegal and abuse of alcohol is also the factor which can have such effect.

4. Hormonal Imbalance: Imbalance between sex hormones and estrogen also grows the chest abnormality.

5. Older Age: Due to growing age, the production of some hormones drops due to which estrogen starts growing breast tissue at a faster rate.



Other numerous factors that cause the gynaecomastia are

1. Poor health or often illness

2. Side effects of medicines

3. Chronic pain

4. Long-term diabetes

5. Infection in the tissues

What is Gynecomastia?

When a male has gynecomastia, his breast tissue enlarges, and his chest may begin to develop the characteristics of a female. It is not the same as lipomastia, or having excess fat on the chest. One or both breasts may experience gynecomastia, and their growth can sometimes be uneven.

What are the signs of gynecomastia?

The primary indicator of gynecomastia is when a man's breasts begin to resemble those of a woman, and the nipples may enlarge and puff out. The breasts may feel hard or slightly rubbery to the touch. While some men may have mild sensitivity or discomfort in their breasts, it's uncommon to have severe pain.

Why does gynecomastia happen?

The body's imbalance between the hormones estrogen and testosterone is typically the cause of gynecomastia. Many factors can cause this imbalance, including drug usage (such as steroids or opioids), adverse drug reactions to antibiotics or anxiety medications, and a variety of medical ailments (such as thyroid, obesity, or problems with the kidneys or liver).

Is surgery for gynecomastia painful?

Although everyone experiences pain differently, after surgery, patients should expect some discomfort. Painkillers are normally suggested for relieving pain.

When will I recover from gynecomastia surgery?

Although recovery times vary, most patients are back to their regular activities in a week or two. You might have to cut back on heavy lifting and intense exercise for a few weeks.

After gynecomastia surgery, are there any noticeable scars?

Scarring is dependent upon the surgical method used. Incisions are usually placed in distinct places, and scars eventually go away.

Can gynecomastia come back after surgery?

In most cases, gynecomastia surgery has long-lasting results. But it's crucial to keep up a healthy lifestyle to avoid gaining weight or experiencing hormonal changes that can trigger a recurrence.

How is gynecomastia treated?

The only way to treat gynecomastia is to have surgery to lower the size of the male breast. To remove excess fat and tissue, the surgeon combines liposuction with cutting techniques. After removing any extra skin, the remaining skin is pulled tight over the chest. If necessary, the areola and nipple can also be repositioned higher on the chest and made smaller by the surgeon.

Are there risks associated with gynecomastia surgery?

There are potential risks associated with any surgery, including bleeding, infection, and altered nipple sensation. Having a board-certified plastic surgeon with extensive experience can reduce these risks.

Are there alternatives to surgery for treating gynecomastia?

Alternatives to surgery may include lifestyle modifications, hormonal therapy, or non-surgical fat reduction methods. However, their efficacy varies, so it's best to consult a plastic surgeon to figure out the most suitable approach.



*Result may vary person to person.