Acne tends to expand when things like oil, diet, bacteria, and dead skin accumulate in the skin and intensify the pores. Thousands of skin cells are fallen per hour, some get washed away whereas others are clogged in the pores. The type of clog leads to certain types of acne, some cause scars and some don’t.
Due to the inflammation of acne blemishes, one gets acne scars. The skin pores at and around acne swell which further leads to breakdown. All the acne blemishes and scars are not permanent. Some are small and shallow scars and can be healed easily over time whereas the inner content of some gets spilled in the surrounding issues that leads to deeper scars.
There are the following types of acne that cause scars:
- Papules (these are pinkish to reddish in color and a little hurtful).
- Pustules (these are filled with pus carrying a red base and whitish to yellowish top).
- Nodules (these are bigger in size, extend deeper into the skin, and are more painful).
- Cysts (these are filled with pus, extend deeper into the skin, and most obvious reasons to cause scar).
There is no such fixed location where one gets acne, it can happen anywhere. You can have them on the shoulders, face, arms, legs, trunk, and buttocks. If one faces the following symptoms, this would certainly lead to acne scars-
- Skin bumps getting crusted,
- Cysts appearing on the skin,
- Small red bumps start appearing (papules),
- Small red bumps with white or yellow pus (pustules or pimples),
- Redness around the bumps or skin eruptions,
- Whiteheads (clogged skin pores that are closed), and
- Blackheads (clogged skin pores that are open).
Some acne scars are temporary and vanish gradually over time but some need to be treated. There are various treatments for acne scars, depending on a lot of factors like,
- Age of person,
- His medical history,
- How severe the scar is,
- The type of scar,
- How the body reverts to medication and treatments, and
- Preference of the patient.
The following procedures can certainly help to minimize the acne scars-
Less invasive method that minimizes small scars, and treats minor irregularities.
Removes the top layer of skin and attacks sun damage and uneven skin tone.
Dermal filler injections
Injected under the skin to replace the body’s lost collagen and treats visible aging signs and depressed acne scars.
Burns the damaged skin using a high-intensity light to minimize fine scars and wrinkles.
Generally, steroids are injected into the skin at the acne scar that softens and flattens the scar.
This is generally given with Intralesional injections that freezes the scar tissue causing the scar to automatically fall off.
Creams containing silicone and/or retinoids are used that minimize the visibility of scars.
Teenagers are most vulnerable to acne but anyone can get it due to any of the following reasons.
- Hormonal changes,
- Oily products on skin and hair,
- Excessive sweating,
- Constant touching the skin,
- Loss of collagen, and
- The extent and duration of skin inflammation.
*Result may vary person to person.