Pigmentary Disorder

Pigmentary Disorder

Pigmentation is a general term used for both darkening of the skin or lightening of the skin. This is another common problem faced specially by women.

Description And Symptoms
Effects/ Causes

Pigmentary disorders are a main cause of concern while trying to achieve a smooth, flawless skin. Skin coloring diseases can be of two types- melasma or vitiligo. Learning about both the symptoms of both these diseases may help in choosing the right skin treatment for it. Melasma or hyperpigmentary refers to the darkening of the skin color. This may happen due to unusual exposure to sun or certain hormonal changes. This skin disease usually occurs in pregnant women and sometimes it gets cured on its own after some time of the childbirth. Vitiligo or hypopigmentary refers to the lightening of the skin. This is a more complex problem and may occur anytime after childhood to the adult age. Her the complete skin or some patches may become lighter than the others and give an uneven tone.

Pigmentation on the skin needs to be diagnosed by the dermatologist. Pigmentation can be only on the surface i.e. epidermal or deep inside i.e. dermal. Skin Treatment prescription will depend on the type of disease that you are facing. Some of the most popular solutions for depigmentation are laser therapy and chemical peels. Laser therapy can be used to lighten the skin color from the surface . A chemical peel is applying certain solutions that lead to the peeling of the outer skin. The new skin that develops has lighter tones of melanin and hence does not appear as dark as earlier. Sometimes a dermatologist may recommend a combination of both laser therapy and a number of chemical peel sittings for optimum results.

As mentioned earlier, causes of depigmentation maybe genetic, hormonal imbalance or excessive exposure to the sun. Hormonal changes lead the pack here and hence approximately 80% of the pregnant women may face this problem during their pregnancy. While other skin diseases may sound more complex, pigmentation is the one which affects a large number of population and makes the appearance less than luminous. Uneven skin tone, dark spots, and patches are the most commonly found skin problems. While they may affect any of the body parts, they usually occur on the face which further aggravates the issue. Skincare at the proper time, taking care of applying sunscreen when stepping out and following doctor’s advice are the best way to get a clear skin.

How does pigmentation form?

Pigmentation occurs as a result of UV-induced damage, which stimulates melanin formation. Melanin (pigment) serves as the skin's barrier defence against further injury. Freckles are caused by abnormal melanin deposition in the epidermis. Accumulative sun damage causes these sun spots to get larger over time, and they are usually referred to as 'age spots' or solar lentigines since they are commonly seen in later years. Actinic keratoses are also common in later life as a result of long-term sun exposure. They are precancerous skin lesions that have a crusty, pink look and the potential to become malignant.

What happens in pigmentary skin disorders?

Pigmentary skin disorders are conditions that influence the skin's color, resulting in abnormal pigmentation. This might involve skin problems such as hyperpigmentation (darkening) or hypopigmentation (lightening).

How many different types of pigmentation are there?

There are two types of pigmentation: hypopigmentation (lightening of the skin) and hyperpigmentation (darkening of the skin). Melasma, Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH), and age spots are examples of hyperpigmented skin problems.

What causes Skin Pigmentation?

Skin pigmentation occurs primarily through the creation and distribution of a pigment known as melanin. Sun exposure, genetics, medical disorders, inflammation, and hormonal changes can all have an impact on the appearance of pigmentation on the skin.

What is Face Pigmentation?

Pigmentation on the face is any difference in the color of the skin on the face. Melasma, dark circles (periorbital melanosis), freckles, age spots, and other skin problems are examples of this. To establish the best treatment and preventative techniques, it is critical first to understand the type of pigmentation and its underlying cause.

Is it possible to reverse pigmentation loss?

The reversibility of pigmentation loss is determined by the cause. While some conditions may be curable with proper therapy, others may be chronic.

What is melasma, and how does it get treated?

Melasma is a pigmentation condition that causes dark or grey areas on the skin, most commonly on the face. Topical medicines, chemical peels, and sun protection measures may be used in treatment.

What is the treatment for vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes color loss in some areas of the skin. Treatment options include topical corticosteroids, phototherapy, and, in some cases, surgical procedures like skin grafts.

How does laser therapy work for pigmentation problems?

Laser therapy can break down excess pigmentation by targeting pigment cells in the skin. It is frequently used to treat disorders such as age spots and sun-induced pigmentation.

Can pregnancy cause pigmentation changes?

Yes, hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause pigmentation changes known as melasma, sometimes known as the "mask of pregnancy." These alterations usually resolve after childbirth, although in certain situations they may persist.

Is pigmentation therapy painful?

Although the therapy may induce mild tingling, our system includes a cooled sapphire tip to improve comfort. Depending on the treatment, a topical anaesthetic may be used to numb the skin.

Is pigmentation treatment safe?

Sakhiya Skin Clinic, with precision laser technology, assures that pigmentation treatments are both safe and effective. All treatments have been FDA-approved and thoroughly investigated.



*Result may vary person to person.