Cryotherapy also known as cryosurgery is the present day customary technique for the treatment of virulent lesions, diseased tissues, and even the cancer cells. This surgery is the second most option after the skin excision approach.

Description And Symptoms
Effects/ Causes

Cryotherapy or cryosurgery or cryoablation- different names but the same meaning and function. The technique is used by a dermatologist since centuries commonly for curing the benign lesions, warts, moles, cysts and other damaged tissues. The word cryo in cryotherapy means cold and hence for treating the pernicious tissue they are stacked in a low temperature may be Zero so as to create freezing state for them and destroy them so during cryotherapy liquid nitrogen is used as a freezing agent who is exposed to deaden tissue. Apart from this cryosurgery is also beneficial in relieving the individuals from painful irritated nerves.


  • Irritated nerves
  • Pain and inflammation
  • Lesions Moles
  • Skin tags
  • Nodules

The Cryotherapy is the well-known treatment used by physicians for skin troubles. This application involves the extremely cold temperature more than the normal so as to smash the damaged cells, Liquid nitrogen used as cryogen is applied on the skin part which needs to be treated with the help of cotton swabs. This mechanism of cold exposure works promptly as living tissues either healthy or disease cannot stand the cold temperature and hence get scattered clearing the area of skin.


The Cryotherapy is categorised into three phases:

Heat Transfer: On the outer region of skin liquid nitrogen directly transfers heat, and for inner tissues, an incision is made for the heat transfer.

Cell Injury: After the heat provided to the cells, the frozen damage can be seen as cell injury.

Inflammation: The last is the blister formation

Results: The pain moles and other skin infections get suppressed and the white blood cells wash out the dead tissues

Cryotherapy is a non-invasive treatment for all those people seeking faster recovery. Henceforth it has many proven applications in eradicating skin disparities. It has many advantages.


  • Decreases inflammation at a faster rate.
  • Faster surgical procedure
  • Much rapid recovery
  • Improvesthe skin appearance
  • Reduces pain, stress, and anxiety
  • Effective in managing chronic pain
  • Powerful n assisting chronic pain
  • Less scarring of tissues Less traumatic


This surgery is used for the causes like-damaged tissues, irritated nerves, moles and other lesions.

It consists of few risks including:

  • Freezing may affect the lungs and other normal structures.
  • Headache pain and blister formation.
  • Excessive crumbled tissue formation.

The risks are less effective than any other surgery so it should not be of prime concern as the dermatologists and surgeons do take care earlier prior to the surgery.